A quick look at the tax adjustments for April 2023

A quick look at the tax adjustments for April 2023

At the start of a new tax year, it is important to know what changes will be made to taxes starting in April 2023. This will help you plan your business and personal finances for the coming months. We’ve made a list of the most important changes that businesses need to know about, along with some tips to help you stay on track.

Here’s a quick look at the tax changes for April 2023

  • Individual Taxation, higher-income people would pay more in taxes.
  • Dividend allowance lowering
  • until April 2028, national insurance rates are locked.
  • Corporate tax rate increases in business VAT
  • reduced capital gains tax exemption amount per year.
  • Frozen Norms for inheritance taxes

Individual Taxation

Higher Income people will pay more in Taxes

Starting on April 6, 2023, the income tax additional rate threshold (ART) will drop from £150,000 to £125,140. As soon as their income exceeds £125,140, more taxpayers will be subject to the higher rate of 45% of income tax.

Taxpayers in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland will be subject to the new threshold.

From April 2023, higher earnings in Scotland will also be subject to increased taxes. The top rate tax band in Scotland will similarly decrease, from £150,000 to £125,140, as stated in the Scottish Budget. After their income exceeds £125,140, Scottish taxpayers will likewise be subject to the highest rate of income tax beginning in April 2023.

The highest and higher rates of income tax in Scotland will each increase by 1p starting in April 2023. For Scottish taxpayers, the higher rate will rise to 42%, and the top rate will rise to 47%. The higher and additional rates will continue to be 40% and 45% for the remainder of the UK.

Consider tax-efficient pension saving as tax advice.

Two tax pitfalls await higher-rate taxpayers starting in April 2023:

You pay the additional rate of income tax, which is 45% (47% in Scotland) when your income surpasses £125,140.

Moreover, you are subject to an effective tax rate of about 60% if your income is between £100,000 and £125,140. This is because your personal allowance decreases by £1 for every £2 your income surpasses the £100,000 tax band.

Making charitable contributions and personal pension contributions may allow you to lower your tax exposure. You might also need to consult a licensed pension adviser for investing advice.

Reduced Dividend Allowed

Every year, people are given a dividend allowance, which means they only pay tax on dividend income that exceeds it.

From April 2023 through April 2024, the dividend limit will decrease from £2,000 to £1,000 and then to £500 in April 2024. Your income tax bracket determines how much tax you’ll pay on dividends beyond the dividend allowance.

Starting in April 2023, the following rates will be in effect:

Taxpayers at a basic rate of 8.75%

Taxpayers at the higher rate are contributing 33.75%.

Taxpayers at a higher rate, 39.35%

Make sure your compensation method is tax-efficient, according to tax advice.

Due to the decreased allowance, those who get dividend investment income and business owners who distribute profits will now pay greater taxes.

Stagnant Tax Rates

Taxpayers with low incomes will also have to pay more in taxes as a result of inflation due to the freezing of several tax breaks until 2028. Since the income tax personal exemption of £12,570 is frozen until 2028, basic rate taxpayers will be impacted since more of your income will effectively be taxed.

Does moving assets make your tax situation better?

You can avoid paying taxes by giving your spouse or civil partner any income-producing property you own in part or in full. Typically, for this to work, your gift must be an unconditional one made to your husband or civil partner, from whom you haven’t separated. Always seek professional guidance so that your unique circumstances can be examined before acting.

To reduce their tax liability, basic rate taxpayers may also be able to transfer £1,260 of their unused personal allowance to their spouse or civil partner. Only in cases where neither of you is a higher-rate taxpayer does this apply.

Until April 2028, National Insurance Rates are Locked

After last year’s rollercoaster, when the National Insurance Contribution (NIC) rates were altered in the middle of the year, they should be steady starting in April 2023. Both the Class 2 Lower Profits Threshold and the NIC Primary Threshold for employees will be frozen until April 2028.

Companies typically begin deducting 13.25% of Class 1 Secondary NICs from employee salaries of around £9,100. Moreover, this cut-off will stand until April 2028.

Can you claim the Employment Allowance? This is tax advice.

As qualifying enterprises can claim the Employment Allowance to lower their employer’s annual National Insurance bill by up to £5,000, you should check if this can be claimed.

In general, if you are a business and your employers’ Class 1 National Insurance liabilities were less than £100,000 in the prior tax year, you may be eligible to claim Employment Allowance. There are certain exclusions, the most significant of which is that you cannot make a claim if your business has just one employee who is paid more than the Class 1 National Insurance secondary threshold and who also serves as a director of the business.

Business Taxes Increase in the Corporate Tax Rate

The increase in corporate tax beginning in April 2023 will be the single biggest tax increase faced by UK firms.

The following rates will rise:

Where profits surpass £250,000, the primary corporation tax rate will rise to 25%.

Where profits are £50,000 or less, a new 19% “small profits rate” of corporation tax will be in effect.

Businesses with profits between £50,000 and £250,000 are eligible for marginal relief, which reduces their effective tax rate to 26.5% for profits in the margin (those between the upper and lower limits).

According to the number of companies that are related for tax purposes, the upper and lower tax limitations are decreased. Businesses will join forces if one controls the other or if both are controlled by the same party.


Beginning on April 1, 2024, the VAT registration and deregistration criteria will likewise be locked at £85,000 and £83,000, respectively, for an additional two years.

Reduced Capital Gains Tax Exemption Amount Per Year

The average person’s exemption from capital gains tax (CGT) will drop from £12,300 to £6,000 in April 2023 and then again to just £3,000 in April 2024. Anybody selling assets that are subject to CGT must account for any potential additional tax that results from the reduction in the allowance.

Use tax-efficient investing options as a tax-saving strategy.

It’s possible that you’ll have to pay CGT on any gains you make over the allowance if you hold qualifying investments outside of an ISA. The time is now to think about starting future savings in an ISA and possibly moving some investments there as well. Moving investments into an ISA, can count as a taxable event for CGT purposes, so you should assess your status before acting.

You should seek independent investment advice from a qualified financial adviser.

Freezing Thresholds for Inheritance Taxes

The £325,000 nil-rate band for inheritance tax (IHT) will remain unchanged until April 2028. The dwelling nil-rate band will also be locked at £175,000 in addition. A £2 million cap will be placed on the residence nil-rate band taper.

Consider an IHT review as tax advice.

Discuss your needs during a free consultation, available to book here.